Global Entrepreneurship Monitor the Netherlands 2018

The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) is a research program with the aim of obtaining internationally comparative data on entrepreneurial activity at the national level. By consistently using proven indicators, global and longitudinal comparisons of entrepreneurial activity can be made. Most indicators discussed in the present report are from GEM’s Adult Population Survey (APS), while a few indicators are taken from GEM’s NationalExpert Survey (NES).

The Total early-stage Entrepreneurial Activity (TEA) rate in the Netherlands increased with almost a quarter, from 9.9% in 2017 to 12.3% in 2018. This sharp rise is all the more remarkable because the Netherlands already had a relatively high TEA rate in 2017. By 2018, the TEA rate of the Netherlands is almost five percentage points higher than the EU-average (7.6%). Although the number of adults involved in entrepreneurial activity in the Netherlands is very high, the vast majority of entrepreneurs operate solo without any ambitions to hire employees in the future.


Author(s) J. de Kok, P. van der Zeijden, B. Kruithof, A. van Stel, A. van der Graaf, J. Snijders
Language English
Year of publication Jun, 2019
Publisher Panteia, Zoetermeer
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